Ballast Water Regulatory Framework

Presented by Dr. Portia Ndlovu

Course that teaches international regulations for ballast water

Course Overview

Ballast water management regulation has been a subject of great interest in the last decade and more so since 2017/2018 as the IMO* rules have come into force. Ships, depending on their survey certificate are all at some point expected to be compliant with the D-2* IMO standard for ballast water management. This course through a series of course topics based in law and science will look into the practicalities of ballast water management and regulation going into the future. Topics will give the attending student insight into the compliant, ballast water safe ship of the present and future. This course will explore innovation, financial impact, environmental technologies, ship repair and ship building aspects of ballast water regulation.

Course Program

1. The Impact of Ballast Water Regulation
2. Introductory concepts series
3. Regulation: The D-2 Standard
4. The Legal Framework Underpinning Approval of Ballast Water Systems
5. Some Legislative Provisions
6. Timeline for D-2 Compliance (Scheduled Vessels)
7. Dealing with Sediment and Other Fouling Organisms
8. The EPA, USCG, State and Local Rules Interaction
9. Some Indispensable Tools to Support Risk Management as Part of the Ballast Water Management Convention
10. Ship Owner Responsibilities
11. Monitoring
12. Reporting
13. Record Books
14. Ship Building
15. Retrofitting
16. Broad themes of this module: ballast water management technologies & solutions: comparing & projecting a cost analysis


Course Goals

  • To make the maritime industry and market comprehensible to maritime executives within the context of ballast water management
  • To identify the problem to be resolved in the areas of ballast water management
  • To introduce the student to the major issues of environmental and business aspects of the use of the environment by ships
  • To understand the reach of legal regulation in ballast water management
  • To explore the process of ballast water treatment, compliance and technologies approval
  • To explore case studies of what ship-owners are doing to balance the cost of operating ballast water compliant ships
  • To understand how the global community is reaching compliance
  • To advise Port States on monitoring

About the presenter

Dr. Ndlovu is an Author, Speaker, Professor of International Maritime Business, Lawyer & Businesswoman who hails from Durban, South Africa. She is now based in, Massachusetts, USA where she serves the Massachusetts Maritime Academy. Dr. Ndlovu specializes in the legal principles of international trade laws particularly in Maritime Law (main specialty) which directly includes, International Commerce, International Trade, the Law of the Sea, Environmental Law, and International Diamond Trade Law subjects. As a practicing Maritime lawyer, Dr. Ndlovu has provided consultancy services to Government bodies such as the Ports Regulator and support to various commercial and government entities on maritime matters in various host cities. Dr. Ndlovu has also sat as an arbitrator and assessor in various tribunals bringing specialized academic and practical legal knowledge. Dr. Ndlovu’s book Diamond Law: Change, Trade and Policy in Context has received a citation for ‘Most Notable Publication Received’ in the Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law (JERL) Vol 31 No 3.

Professor of International Maritime Business